In his The Sublime Object of Ideology, Slavoj Zizek, taking from French humorist Alphonse Allais, presents us with a comic scenario: a married couple, for the sake of reigniting their passion, agrees to meet each other ‘accidentally’ as if for the first time at a masquerade ball. At the ball, after finding each other, they go to a comfortable corner and start making out. But on removing the masks, they realise that their respective partners were someone else. Of course, this embarrassing scenario shows the pain of misrecognition, even if in a relatively harmless situation like a masquerade ball. It is also interesting to note that a popular game played at masquerade balls was asking the guests to guess each others’ identities beyond the mask.
Let us consider a more quirky scenario: a married couple in contemporary times is bored with each other. To spice up a dull life, both husband and wife, unknown to each other, use fake profiles to sex chat with strangers. They both connect with anonymous strangers online whom they find interesting and, after many episodes of sex chatting, decide to meet in person. When they do meet, they find out that they have been sex chatting with each other all this while – so instead of cheating on each other, they were cheating with each other. In my reading, after the event of falling in love has gone sour by the routinisation brought about by marriage, an incident like this provides a necessary shock, a surprise, a revelation that reveals some essential character of the beloved that reignites the passion of love. Much like how the resurrection of Jesus Christ validates him as always having been the son of god, it is precisely the discovery of the fake profile that gives meaning to the identity of the original.
Also read: Can Social Media, Loud and Inclusive, Fix World Politics?
Fake profiles have gained considerable notoriety these days. Journalists, activists, academics, politicians, social workers, humanitarians – basically, anyone and everyone who is a public figure with strong opinions has come under fire from fake profiles on social media. Women active on social media routinely encounter fake profiles, from innocuous requests for a date to violent slut shaming and rape threats. Of course, people with original profiles do engage in such activities too, but the fake profile gives one a superpower by removing barriers of basic decency, however flimsy they might be, that many original profiles are wary of transgressing.
So what is the general profile of one who hides behind the fake profile? Obvious suspects are stalkers. On the political front, it would be those like the supporters of US President Donald Trump, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and ISIS who have made remarkable use of social media not just for violently trolling critics but also to mobilise fellow men and women and provide a sense of virtual community. Fake profiles of members of Islamist groups have made optimal use of Twitter and Facebook to broadcast their real exploits like beheadings and summary executions, while RSS sympathisers have created and circulated false news about Muslim atrocities in Kerala and West Bengal on social media. But right-wingers and fundamentalists are not the only ones using fake profiles for political purposes – those who oppose them also have used masks to send their messages. Consider for instance the hackers group ‘Anonymous’, known for donning the Guy Fawkes mask made popular by the film V for Vendetta. Even individuals swearing by social justice are not above using fake ids to spew vitriolic attacks on those they oppose. The fake profile provides a cover for you to engage in conversations (random flirtatious messages, for instance) or confrontations (hateful posts against a public figure, ethnic group and the like) that your original profile desires, but does not pursue fearing moral and/or legal repercussions.